HCR Law Events

9 July 2021

Personal guarantees – pitfalls and penalties

Personal guarantees can be a useful tool when negotiating amendments to an existing agreement or to offer an extra layer of reassurance to a beneficiary. However, they are often underestimated and signed without realising the consequences.


What is a personal guarantee?

A personal guarantee refers to an individual promise to fulfil the obligations of another party if they fail to do so. They are often used as a form of security for debts; for example, a company director gives a personal guarantee to take responsibility if the company fails to repay a debt.

Another common situation for a personal guarantee is in respect of a commercial landlord and tenant scenario where the tenant falls behind with rent arrears and wants to vary the payment terms of their lease by providing a personal guarantee.


Checklist to consider before signing a personal guarantee

Often, personal guarantees are made as gestures of goodwill to build confidence between parties in a contract or dispute situation. Several common pitfalls should be avoided to help minimise disputes, including:

  • Signing a personal guarantee and indemnity without taking independent legal advice
  • Not reading the full terms of the personal guarantee before signing
  • Not understanding the scope of the personal guarantee and indemnity, for example not realising that the personal guarantee is unlimited
  • Signing a personal guarantee under duress and without questioning the terms
  • Not realising the exposure to your personal assets caused by the personal guarantee.


What if I have already signed a personal guarantee?

Once a personal guarantee has been entered into and one party seeks to enforce the guarantee, there are several ways to challenge a guarantee, including:

  • Reviewing the personal guarantee to consider its validity
  • Evaluating the terms of the personal guarantee to determine if they are specific enough to be enforceable
  • Considering whether the terms of the personal guarantee have been varied, and whether any variation discharges the guarantee
  • Investigating whether the guarantee was signed under duress

Entering a personal guarantee in any capacity can be stressful, especially as the continuation of a business or agreement often depends on it. Individuals offering such gestures need to understand the scope of the personal guarantee and the circumstances in which they can be enforced.

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About the Author
Claire Holford, Partner, and Acting Head of Defence & Security

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