The Future of Church of England Academies – What comes next?

5th March 2019

Church of England Dioceses across the country have played a pivotal role in the academies programme since the early days. With 4,644 Church of England schools, it was inevitable that the decisions made to remain as voluntary aided or voluntary controlled schools or convert to academy status would have a profound impact on the educational landscape. Over 15 years on from the start of the academies programme, the question now to be asked is what comes next for the future of Church of England academies?



Academies were first opened in the early 2000’s with the aim of turning around failing schools with the support of sponsors (including businesses and charities) that put in place endowment funds. Church of England Diocesan Boards of Education were at the forefront of this initiative sponsoring some of the earliest academies such as St Mary Magdalene Academy in Islington. Following the Academies Act 2010, the door was open to both outstanding schools and good schools with outstanding features to convert and assume the benefit of academy freedoms. In this wave, a number of Church of England schools decided to convert as stand-alone academies including some rural primary schools.


Church of England Diocesan Multi-Academy Trusts (MATs)

Over the years, Church of England Diocesan Boards have established Diocesan MATs initially as a home for struggling Church of England schools that required sponsorship but increasingly as an option for converter academies that seek to maintain close ties with their local Diocese. These Church of England Diocesan MATs vary considerably in size from only 5 schools in the Portsmouth and Winchester Diocesan Academies Trust to 30 schools in the Bath and Wells Multi Academy Trust. Many Diocesan MATs also welcome community schools as members.


Local models for MATs

Alongside, Diocesan MATs, other groups of Church of England schools also developed collaborative structures either as MATs or in some cases umbrella trusts. Initially, it was difficult to develop a model that worked effectively for voluntary aided and voluntary controlled schools to join together, particularly where schools were also looking to convert with local community schools with whom they had developed strong relationships over the years. The Department for Education and the National Society agreed model Articles of Association to reflect majority or minority governance structures with the intent of securing the religious character of Church of England Schools. This model has been amended to reflect circumstances and priorities in Dioceses across the country over the years. A new model Articles of Association that requires consent from the corporate member (the Diocesan Board of Education or in circumstances where it is unincorporated the Diocesan Board of Finance or Diocesan Bishop) to make changes has been published in January 2019.

It has been interesting to see the approach of local Diocesan Boards to the development of local MATs. In some cases, there has been a clear preference shown for Church of England schools to join the Diocesan MAT to preserve the Diocesan family of schools. In other areas, such as Salisbury Diocese it has been considered that this can be achieved by supporting a variety of local MATs such as the Magna Learning Partnership (a mixed MAT of Church of England, foundation and community schools).


The Future

As the Government’s focus has been otherwise engaged with Brexit, we have not seen the great push for all schools to convert to academy status that had been expected before the election. Instead, other developments in the academies programme have perhaps been more interesting. There has been an increasing trend over the past year, for single academy trusts to take the decision to join local MATs. As well as this, local Church of England and mixed MATs are entering merger talks to seek to agree new governance structures with hubs and clusters under discussion. This includes talks between MATs that are based in different Diocese. It consequently requires careful thought to be given to fully protect the interests of both Diocesan Boards in the new academy trust. If you would like to discuss any of these options and how they may work best for your Diocese and local schools, please do not hesitate to get in touch.


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